India is one of the world’s oldest civilizations. Ancient India gave many wonderful things to the world. Here are a few:
1: Sanskrit language: Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages of the world which belong to the Indo-European family of languages.
2: The Rig Veda: One of the world’s oldest books, the Rig veda was composed between 1700-1100 BC and contains hymns in praise of the gods which are chanted at various ceremonies by the Hindus.
3: Kamasutra: The world’s first most comprehensive sexual treatise which taught not only about various position for sexual intercourse, but also how to live life as per four goals of Hindu way of life.
4: Zero: Fifth-century Indian mathematician-astronomer Aryabhata implicitedly created a place for zero in his place-value system. And it was seventh-century Indian mathematician Brahmagupta who gave zero its place in the numerical system and showed that subtracting a number from itself results in zero.
5: Yoga: The wholesome system for body and mental well-being was born in ancient India. Today, yoga is a multi-billion industry in the West and now even the UN has adopted a world yoga day.
6: Chess: Chess – also called Chaturanga – was invented during the Gupta empire in the sixth-century India as part of their military development.
7: Ayurveda: This wholesome ancient Indian system of medicine linked physical well-being to mental thoughts.
8: Taxila University: Situated about 35 km north-west of the current Pakistani capital of Islamabad, Taxila was the site of the world’s first university in about 370 BC where the great Chanakya studied and later taught.
9: Diamonds: Indians were the first to discover diamonds and use them for decoration purposes. In fact, till the end of the 19th century India was the only source of diamonds. The Koh-i-Noor, once the world’s largest diamond at 793 carats and currently only 106 carats and part of the British Crown, was mined in India.
10: Buddhism: Apart Hinduism, two other major religions Buddhism and Jainism were born in India. Later, in the 15th century Sikhism was also born in India. Buddhism is one of the fastest growing religions in the West today.